vegetation types in ghana

Diversity and structure of terrestrial small mammal communities in different vegetation types on the Accra Plains of Ghana - Volume 247 Issue 3 - Jan Decher, Luri Kanton Bahian. A dry, dust-laden wind, called Harmattan, often blows from the desert. The vegetation map of Ghana clearly shows the kind of vegetation that grows in each part of the country. Corresponding Author. Landscape of Ghana. Jun 8, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Lily Akorfa. 4.6% of Ghana is protected under IUCN categories I-V. 2011 Update In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS … The neem tree (Azadirachta indica), also known as the Indian lilac or margosa tree, is one of Ghana's more useful native plants. “The leaves are used for aiding toddlers to walk”. So far, several conservation plans have been implemented to prevent the situation from getting worse. These Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR) images show characteristics of vegetation in … In Africa, rainfall is the most important factor that affects where people and animals live, and influences patterns of plant growth. Ghana is home to at least 3725 species of vascular plants, of which 1.2% are endemic. This paper is an attempt to provide factual data of species composition, structure and environment of vegetation Geography. The savanna covers about 65.53 per cent of the total area of Ghana and tropical high forest covers about 82,000 km 2 (34 per cent of the total land area of Ghana). It includes trees, shrubs and grasses. 06.JPG 6,016 × 4,000; 6.46 MB Map of Ghana showing tick collection points, climate and vegetation zones. Vigne 1936; Taylor 1952; Baker 1962) and a study on the effects of fire by Ramsay & Rose-Innes (1963). Botanical names have been linked to an external site for further detail, the sites of choice being PROTA- Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (use Prota4U for search screen, or PROTA4U article list) & West African Plants - A Photo Guide (follow African Plant Database link below photos for description). Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. Well-known for the insect-repellent properties of its oil, the neem tree is widespread in Ghana, where it grows to heights of up to … These areas have distinct types of plants, soil, and weather patterns.Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. African Civet. Diversity and structure of terrestrial small mammal communities in different vegetation types on the Accra Plains of Ghana. These plants local name is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit. The mean Yw values per crop type per RWS buffer zone were calculated from the Yw values simulated for each crop type-sowing date-crop rotation-soil type combination per zone, weighted to their relative areas. There are generally five options for the treatment of most common diseases: a clinic or hospital, treatment from a nurse or paramedic at home, buying Western pharmaceutical drugs from a local trader, self treatment using plant medicines, or traditional healers. Original title of website: Checklist of Online Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps Compiled by Claire Englander (1996-2013). Today's Weather. The tree can grow up to 82 feet and has white flowers before it bears fruit. However, much of Ghana's natural vegetation has been damaged due to agriculture and industrial development. The forest-savanna transition zone is wide enough in many places to be recognized as a separate vegetation type (White 1983). It is a rectangular-shaped country bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, the east by Togo, the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the west by Côte d'Ivoire. your own Pins on Pinterest In just the years from 2000 to 2013, agriculture continued to expand rapidly, reaching 32 percent of Ghana’s land area. Crop production systems in Ghana are mainly rain fed. This research is therefore aimed at determining the vegetation diversity of wetlands in Kumasi, Ghana and to identify and characterise the typical urban wetland and factors that influence the small scale heterogeneity in distribution of the wetland vegetation. The African Civet is a solitary nocturnal mammal found in the thick vegetation along riverine habitats of Ghana. Health care in Ghana In contemporary Ghana two types of medical systems, the traditional and the 'scientific',1 exist simultaneously. The trees bloom over time and once the weather changes then the trees shed their leaves. Floral diversity is more pronounced among the angiosperms represented with well over 2,974 indigenous and 253 introduced species in Ghana. There is thus a delicate balance between vegetation and soil fertility, which may be upset by uncontrolled burning or overuse. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. The results of a preliminary antimicrobial screening of the methanol extracts of Aframomum melegueta, Piper guineense, Xylopia aethiopica, Zingiber officinale, medicinal plants of Ghana, are reported. They can grow up to 18 cm in length and are thought to be the world's largest land snail. Each is entirely dependent on the other. This expansion has significance beyond the simple area numbers. Ghana is situated in West Africa between latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and longitudes of 4°W and 2°E. The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. practically nothing has been written about this vegetation type in Ghana, with the exception of a few general accounts (e.g. Climate Ghana’s climate , like that of the rest of the Guinea Coast , is determined largely by the interplay of two air masses: a hot, dry continental air mass that forms over the Sahara and a warm, humid maritime tropical air mass that forms over the South Atlantic. Flower shows are organized in Ghana where different types of flowers are showcased – last 15th September 2016, the fourth edition of the Innovative Ghana Garden and Flower Show was held in Accra. The vegetation type is defined in terms of dominant, common as well as rare species, as well as association with landscape features such as soil or geology, topography and climate. Scientists divide the Earth’s land into what are called vegetation regions. Discover (and save!) Vegetation refers to all plants or it is plant life of a place taken as a whole. The difficulty, however, lies in delineating wetland boundaries. Due to their large size they are considered an important source of protein in Ghana. Forestvegetation: forestvegetation is refers to a large area of plant community covered with tall trees, these trees form a layer of foliage that largely covers the ground and shows stratification with more than one layer. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. In the center and north, winter is hot: daytime temperatures are usually about 35 °C (95 °F) in December and January, even though the air is dry and nights are quite cool.Sometimes, however, nights can get a bit cold in the center-north, with lows dropping to around 10 °C (50 °F). That aside, the deciduous forest are have diverse tree species and also soil types. To download information about the vegetation types and biomes visit the Vegmap page on the SANBI BGIS website . The utilization of herbal medicines and associated medicinal plants in Ghana has been documented by many authors [e.g., [3–5]] although there are still many indigenous cultures and communities in Ghana that possess a great store of traditional knowledge about herbal medicines for treatment of various human ailments, which are yet to be documented. Agricultural lands often represent a radical transformation from a diverse variety of vegetation types and natural habitats to crop-dominated landscapes. Life thrives when rain falls. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. They’re grown for their fruit but also for ornamental reasons. The Popularity Of Gardening In Ghana This is one of the many interesting Rock Formations in the Kwahu Tafo Area, in the Eastern Region of Ghana, near Buruku. The roots are used in the treatment of infectious disease of the throat (diphtheria) and also good for curing gonorrhea. 6. Jan Decher. Hence, only the water limited yields (Yw) have been used to calculate the yield gap. Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, U.S.A. Although, in Ghana they are mostly used to treat measles, diarrhea, and small pox. Founding co-compiler Philip Hoehn (1996-2009). It was a successful seven-day flower show where the exhibitors showed the variety of flowers and plants. #3: Spondias Mombin. There is primary and secondary vegetation. The Vegetation of Ghana. The type of vegetation formed within an area is influenced by the soil formation, topography, climate and human impact. Deforestation and overgrazing have caused soil erosion. 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