japanese prisoner of war camps list

American, British, Dutch, Australian, Canadian, Indian and other allied military and civilian Bicycle Camp, Batavia… The registers refer to camps numbered 1-4, the identity of these had not previously been established but it is now believed that these refer to: No 1 PoW camp - Changi, No 2 PoW camp - Serangoon Road Camp, No 3 PoW camp - River Valley Road Camp and No 4 PoW camp - Adam Road Camp. Sadistic: A prisoner of war receives brutal treatment as he is held in a torture chair at one of the Japanese camps. In 1942, the Japanese government stated that it would abide by the terms of the Convention mutatis mutandis ('changing what has to be changed'). These prisoners—being Australian—promptly told the Japanese to do one. Contains information about the experiences of Allied prisoners of war of the Japanese. WO 361/1961 Prisoners of war, Far East: name list of British prisoners in Fukuoka POW Camp No 2, Nagasaki, Japan. Soviet troops seized and imprisoned more than half a million Japanese troops and civilians in China and other places. It also contains information about POW camps. Additional locations based on newspapers, interviews, and other NARA … Bacolod Internment Camp. 18. The first official Japanese compilation of prisoner of war camps, known as the "Yellow List" and containing the names of seventy-three camps, was made available to the Twentieth Air Force on 27 August 1945. Stalag 17 (1953) Written and directed by Billy Wilder, this movie tells the story of a different German … Ambon (Ambon Island) Ambarawa (2 camps), Central Java. 140,000 prisoners of war had passed, during the Second World War, through the Japanese concentration camps. Camps in Dutch East Indies. Aek Pamienke [ nl ] (3 camps), Rantau Prapat, North Sumatra. During World War II, it has been estimated that between 19,500 and 50,000 members of the Imperial Japanese military were captured alive or surrendered to Western Allied combatants, prior to the end of the Pacific War in August 1945. This series, part of Record Group 389, has information about U.S. military officers and soldiers and U.S. civilians and some Allied civilians who were prisoners of war and internees. A Japanese Prisoner of War Camp. As a result, Japan captured approximately 350,000 Allied soldiers as prisoners of war from the areas the Japanese conquered in South East Asia and the Western Pacific. Japan signed the 1929 Geneva Convention on the Prisoners of War and the 1929 Geneva Convention on the Sick and Wounded), but the Japanese government declined to ratify the POW Convention. Banyubiru (Semarang) [ nl ], Central Java. Tens of thousands of British and Commonwealth servicemen died from starvation, work, torture or disease in Japan’s prisoner of war camps during World War II. WO 361/1963 Prisoners of war, Far East: Osaka and Hiroshima POW Camps, Japan; name lists, as per Directive 2, September 1945. 20 of 31. Singapore, 1945. end of World War II there were prisoner - of - war camps including 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425, 000 prisoners of war mostly were a number of Axis prisoner - of - war camps in Italy during World War II The initials P.G. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… He was over 60 years of age. Prisoner Of War Camp (9) Singer (9) 1930s (8) Based On Novel (8) Based On True Story (8) Chase (8) Dog (8) Father Son Relationship (8) Food (8) Friendship (8) Imperial Japan (8) Invasion (8) Pow (8) Shooting (8) Shot In The Head (8) Shot To Death (8) Singing (8) Song (8) Ambush (7) Binoculars (7) Boy (7) Colonel (7) Crying (7) Dead Body (7) Drinking (7) Father Daughter Relationship (7) Friend (7) Photostatic reproductions of letters written by U.S. military personnel interned in German and Japanese prisoner-of-war camps during World War II. His wife back in Australia died in 1942 so sadly never saw him return home. Viewing Satellite Images of POW Camps and Related Sites: If you would like to view satellite images of locations of Japanese POW Camps and some related sites just like the TV News shows a view moving around the world and then zooming in on a location, click this link - POW Sites. Chiefly from prisoners of war held in Stalag Luft II and Stalag Luft III located in wartime Germany and prisoners interned in Timiș, Romania. The Japanese Emperor had just announced to his people that his country had surrendered unconditionally to the Allied Powers. This includes images of Japanese ships used to transport POWs and rosters of the men aboard. Flickr. The rescue allowed the prisoners to tell of the death march and prison camp atrocities, which sparked a rush of resolve for the war against Japan. A main emphasis is on prison ships or hellships and hellship voyages. 2. Fielded Search. Lt/Col Dillon Force C.O. BACEPOW (Bay Area Civilian EX-Prisoners of War): Nikki Camp: 133: 282: HQ camp for 'F' Force. The Far East Prisoner of War records are a part of the larger Prisoners of War 1715-1945 collection from The National Archives. William George was dredging in Malaya when he was taken prisoner by the Japanese and held in the Changi prison camp until the end of the war. Prisoners of war captured by the Japanese, in the Asian theaters of war, were imprisoned in concentration camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, China and other regions occupied by the Imperial … Indian prisoners of war in a Japanese prison camp in Singapore, where they lived on starvation rations for months. The record for each prisoner provides serial number, personal name, branch of service or civilian status, grade, date reported, race, state of residence, type of organization, parent unit number and type, place of capture (theater of war), source of report, status, detaining power… A burial detail of American and Filipino prisoners of war using improvised litters to carry fallen comrades following the Bataan Death March, Camp O’Donnell (c. 1942). The Rangers, Scouts, and guerrillas escorted the POWs back to American lines. 1.Establishment of the Camps of the Allied POWs. Nikki Bridge Buillding Camp: 134: 281: Prisoners here built bridge over the Ranti River Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Chungkai Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Changi Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Kanburi Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Ban Pong Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Nong Pladuk Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Tarsao British Army, Div, 18 Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Tamarkan Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, Nakom Paton Japanese Prisoner of War Camp, River … This list of Prisoner of War Camps, Italian Service Unit Camps, and Prisoner of War Hospitals is based on weekly reports located on NARA microfilm #66-538 (population lists June 1942-June 1946). Wikimedia Commons. One in three died from starvation, forced labor, disease or punishment. In 1942, four Australian POWs did the unthinkable, and tried to escape from their Japanese prisoner of war camp. Much of the material is the result of personal research. It was noon on August 15th, 1945. Due to the mass starvation, a general lack of available medical treatment, in addition to rampant abuse, Allied POWs faced bleak prospects for survival. Tens of thousands of British servicemen endured the brutalities of Japan's prisoner of war camps during World War Two. More than 1 in 4 Allied POWs died during their residences in Japanese encampments during the Second World War. Hundreds of Japanese troops were killed in the 30-minute coordinated attack; the Americans suffered minimal casualties. The record for each prisoner provides serial number, personal name, branch of service or civilian status, grade, date reported, race, state of residence, type of organization, parent unit number and type, place of capture (theater of war), source of report, status, detaining power, and prisoner of war or civilian internee camp site. This particular group of records features prisoners held by Japanese and Thai forces at prison and internment camps in Japan, Singapore, Java, … Wikimedia Commons. Theirs was a remarkable story of … Some Malay Volunteers worked in this area, they were mostly British civilian business men. Occupying troops discovered grave cases of malnutrition and emaciation in most of the camps. The Japanese became so incensed that they ordered every POW in the Changi peninsula to sign an agreement promising not to escape. Although Japanese registers the majority of the information is given in English. About 1000 POWs including 400 Australians. He did return back to Australia and then on to NZ. Prisoner of war camps in Japan housed both capture military personnel and civilians who had been in the East before the outbreak of war. To those of us being held at Ohashi Prison Camp in the mountains of northern Japan, where we’d been prisoners of war performing forced labour at a local iron mine, this meant freedom. In August 1945 there were three internment locations in Tjimahi: the 4th and 9th Battalion men’s camp, also known as Tjimahi 4, the VIP camp 6th Depot Battalion, also known as Baros 5, and the boys’ camp Depot Mobile Artillery, also known as Baros 6. File unit: World War II Prisoners of War Data File, 12/7/1941 - 11/19/1946 in the Series: Records of World War II Prisoners of War, created 1942 - 1947, documenting the period 12/7/1941 - 11/19/1946 - Record Group 389 You may wish to View the FAQs for this series. Located on the large island of Negros, Bacolod housed all civilians, and … The Japanese repeatedly forced Allied prisoners of war to embark on prolonged marches with little to no provisions, resulting in the deaths of thousands The terms of the Geneva Convention were ignored by the Japanese who made up rules and inflicted punishments at the whim of the Camp Commandant. Set up in 1945 POWs constructed defence positions for Japanese. Image Courtesy of Wikipedia. denote Prigioniero di Guerra Prison of War often interchanged In the early stages of the Pacific War, the Japanese won some unexpected great victories. Balikpapan POW camp, Balikpapan (Dutch Borneo) Bangkong, Semarang, Central Java. The National Archives has an online searchable database. The Far East prisoner of War 1715-1945 collection from the National Archives registers the majority of larger. 3 camps ), Rantau Prapat, North Sumatra personnel interned in and. 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