The theory was simple: given that there is a fixed quantity of land, population growth … same if population growth rates had been markedly higher or lower. EASTERLIN, R. (1967) ‘The Effects of Population Growth on the Economic Development of Developing Countries’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, January. What Are Some Positive Effects of Population Growth? Derek and Andrew (2009) through regression analysis conclude that the impact of population growth varies between being negative, positive and insignificantly different from zero. Effect of Population on Economic development: Increases in population in a developing country like India definite prove to be a deterrent factor on its economic development. Population growth is essential for creating a strong base of high-income workers. The general effect of population growth depends on the contribution of population and human capital of the economic development. Oztunc, Chi Oo, Serin / Effects of Female Education on Economic Growth: A Cross Country Empirical Study 351 has been long concluded that education of women has a positive effect on economic growth in all societies especially in developing countries, and called for more attention on women’s education. There is sufficient evidence in the work that population growth has very profound effects on the development of any society. When birth … The marketed surplus of food-grains is a pre-requisite for expansion in non-agricultural employment and output. Google Scholar Hence, the main objective of this paper is to determine the relationship between population growth and economic development by conducting an exhaustive review of the literature. Secondly, the population growth rate has a positive consequence on the standard of living (Barlow 145). It also helps pay for social welfare programs. The question, however, is what tangent of development it is that arises out of population growth. Problem of increasing per capita and National Income: … 4. capita GDP and population growth rate when we considered over the long run (1960-2017), which indicates 1% increase in population growth leads to decrease per capita GDP by 1.95%. She also explained 2) Population growth has a more adverse effect under conditions of … and economic development can be measured by looking at the impact of population growth on economic development and vice-versa. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 14, 2020 5:04:12 AM ET. The following are the economic factors affected due to increased population. A survey which was carried out by the Asian Development Bank in 2002 outlined that the annual economic growth rate for China stood at 8% leading to a general rise in the living standards of the Chinese population. But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed … The clear indication from the output is that population growth adversely affects the economic development of Bangladesh, which … 1) Population growth variables that emphasize the relative growth of the young/dependent population (ages 0-14 years) should show a more adverse effect on economic growth than measures of growth in the total or working-age populations. Population Growth and Marketed Surplus of Food-grains: Another way in which growth in population is impeding economic development is its effect on marketed surplus of food-grains. Luiz Felipe Castro/Moment Open/Getty Images. This work has explored how the population growth of a society, plays into the development of the economic … The relationship between population growth and economic development has been a recurrent theme in economic analysis since at least 1798 when Thomas Malthus famously argued that population growth would depress living standards in the long run.
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